Apologies for the long delay since our last post! We’ve been busy working on other projects for the institution including launching the Student Engagement survey and preparing the Entering student survey to be launched Fall 2014.
We also spent some time preparing a presentation for NAIT Professional Development days (June 4th and August 28th). Our presentation focused on key steps involved in developing a survey, including:
- Set your objectives (What do you need to know?)
- Sampling (Who knows what you don’t know?)
- Choose a methodology (How are we going to learn what they know?)
- Develop strong survey questions
- Launch survey, monitor results
- Clean data/explore findings
- Interpret results (through the lens of your objective)
The five key takeaways from our session were:
(1) The importance of defining your survey objectives. This is important because it prevents scope creep (avoiding “wouldn’t it be interesting to know X….” questions) and survey length. Objectives are also important as a focusing tool during the analysis phase.
(2) Survey development is an iterative process. Despite the step-by-step format we delivered the presentation, developing a survey is an iterative process. Throughout the survey development process (and into the analysis phase), we consider how a decision at one step will impact other decisions we have made. For example, you may refine or change your objectives based on a discussion about sampling or methodology.
(3) Question wording is important. Developing survey questions is as much as a science (avoid double barreled and leading questions) as an art form (know your audience, consider emotional triggers that may bias responses).It’s always a good idea to pilot your survey with a few members of your sample population to ensure your questions are clearly written and easy to understand.
(4) Be careful when interpreting results (and reading charts from other researchers or media publications!). Remember that correlation does not equal causation (just because two factors are correlated doesn’t mean that one factor is causing the other to occur – see example below).
Also, always consider whether the author is purposely presenting data in a way to make a point. See Media Matters terrific post covering “A History of Dishonest Fox [News] charts” for examples of misleading charts.
(5) NAIT Institutional Research department is here to help as you develop surveys or interpret results!
We’ll be running another session on August 28th. We encourage all NAIT staff members to attend!
We put together a guide for best practices in survey design that may be helpful as you develop your own surveys. You can access it on our website here.